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This blog is for anyone that’s considered having solar panels installed on their property or for those people who are just curious about how they work.

Essentially, solar panels convert sunlight into electricity.

It sounds simple, but there is a complex process at work – at least that’s how it seems to those who aren’t experts in the field of green energy. However, in this article we’re going to run through how solar panels work.

How do solar panels work?

Solar panels are made with layers of a semiconducting material which respond to sunlight.

Silicon is a popular material for solar panels. Other materials include a rubber or vinyl backsheet, aluminium frame, and metal wiring – but silicon is the key material.

Silicon’s semiconductor status means it can be given a positive and negative charge, which is instrumental in generating the electricity in a solar panel.

Most solar panels are rectangular in shape and in residential settings, solar panels are typically installed onto roofs to ensure optimum exposure to sunlight.

How do solar panels convert sunlight into electricity?

When the sunlight reaches the panels, the electrons come loose which creates a flow of electricity.

Electricity generated by the solar panels is converted into usable energy for your appliances via an inverter which converts the direct current electricity from the panels into alternating current for your home.

Once you’ve combined multiple solar panels and connected them to your home, you will have what’s called a solar array.

What happens now?

So you’ve had your panels installed and connected to the electrical installations in your household – but now what? Does that mean you now have unlimited access to green energy now?

Well, as solar panels work with the power of the sun, it’s only natural that they won’t be able to produce as much energy on cloudy days or dark nights. This is why it’s recommended that you have a battery installed to store any excess solar power for a rainy day.

You will also need to make sure that the panels are kept clean to maximise the absorption of sun. Dust and debris will impact the efficiency and overall production of energy.

You can also choose to still be on the grid for when your solar panels struggle to keep up with the demand of your electricity usage. This is something you should discuss with your installer.

Green energy is remarkable, and solar panels are favoured for being accessible to homeowners. There are so many benefits to having these panels installed on your property, from powering your home with sustainable energy to saving money on your electricity bills.

Interested in having solar panels installed?

Whether you’re looking to change your energy supply on your home or commercial property, we hope this article has cleared up some of your questions on how solar panels work.

Solar technology is developing all the time so we’re excited to see how the panels become more efficient and effective for homeowners in the future. Interested in powering your home with solar energy? If you’re looking for Solar Panels Peterborough, call Bailey Electrical Services to find out more about our solar PV installations.


Author Simon

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